2016-10-25 19:43:24 UTC
THE OPERATIONS IN ITALY.
Only a brief mention of the operations in Italy is here
necessary. On the night of the 23d of June, 1866, the Italian
army crossed the Mincio, and encountered the Austrians at
Custozza on the next day. The Italian army, numbering about
120,000 men, was under the nominal command of King Victor
Emmanuel, the real commander being General La Marmora. The
Austrians, numbering about 72,000, were commanded by Archduke
Albrecht. The battle resulted in the defeat of the Italians,
who withdrew across the Mincio. The Austrian commander
remained on the defensive.
Garibaldi, with about 6,000 volunteers, invaded the Tyrol, but
was defeated in two small actions. Though he finally succeeded
in gaining a foothold on Austrian soil, his operations were of
On the 20th of July the Austrian fleet, under Tegethoff,
defeated the Italian fleet in the great naval battle of Lissa,
in which the Italians lost three iron clads.
Immediately after the battle of Königgrätz, Venetia was offered
by Austria to the French Emperor, and the Vth and IXth Corps
were recalled to the Danube. The Italians, under the command
of Cialdini, again advanced, and the Austrians (now numbering
scarcely 30,000) fell back to the neighborhood of Venice. On
the 25th of July all military operations were stopped by the
conclusion of an armistice.
The Italians had everywhere suffered defeat. Yet their alliance
was of the utmost advantage to Prussia; for they neutralized
three army corps, which would have been of priceless value to
the Austrians in Bohemia.
Title: The Campaign of Königgrätz
A Study of the Austro-Prussian Conflict in the Light of
the American Civil War
Author: Arthur L. Wagner
Il testo si trova su Project Gutenberg, file 50554-h.zip
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